What are Civil Rights?
"Civil rights" refers to a group of laws which ensure that all people have the right to be treated the equally regardless of race, gender or religion.
There are many civil rights, including civil liberties (such as the freedom of speech, press, assembly and religion), as well as:
- due process
- the right to vote
- equal and fair treatment by law enforcement and the courts
- equal access to public schools, recreation, transportation, public facilities and housing
In the 1950s and 1960s Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. became known as the leader for the nonviolent civil rights movement. Many groups have fought for their civil rights against being discriminated against on the basis of their religion, race or gender. Civil rights were even part of a historic legal case in the United States for education.
What is Brown v. Board of Education and why should it be important to you?
Brown vs. Board of Education was a court case so important that it went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public schools by race violates the Constitution of the United States of America. To this day, this law is upheld in every public school across this country. What does this mean for you? In terms of school - and bullying - everyone has the same right to be in public school. Bullies are no better than their victims. It is the law! Remember that the next time you see a bully in action.
Brown v Board of Education